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Development Status Of China's Water Jet Loom Weaving Industry
Jul 09, 2018

The water jet loom is a shuttleless loom that uses a jet of water to pull the weft yarn across the shed.

The frictional traction force of the water jet weft insertion on the weft yarn is larger than that of the jet weft insertion, and the diffusibility is small, and it is suitable for the weft insertion of the synthetic fiber and the glass fiber which are smooth on the surface. At the same time, the electrical conductivity of the composite fiber can be increased, and the static electricity in the weaving can be effectively overcome. In addition, the sprayed weft yarn consumes less energy and has the lowest noise.

In the past ten years, China's water jet loom weaving industry has made great progress.

However, in recent years, with the changes in national policies and changes in the industry, China's water-jet weaving industry has also undergone tremendous changes!


Wujiang District: In 2017, 44,408 sets of water jet looms were eliminated.

Xiuzhou District, Jiaxing: In 2017, 30,728 water jet looms were eliminated.

Keqiao Xialu Town: Elimination of 40% water jet loom in 2017


This year, the rectification of water jet loom is still in progress, and environmental protection pressure is getting bigger and bigger...


Recently, the news that Jiashan's water-spraying production capacity was shut down and the Changxing textile industry's large-scale power cuts have spread all over the industry circle! Previously, the three stops and one stopin Shengze area has been going on for a long time. After half a year, the news of the water jet loom elimination has once again focused everyone on this.


The Jiaxing area has completed most of the production capacity of the water jet loom, and will the next rectification wind direction be scraped to Wujiang and Keqiao?


As early as the end of last year, Jiaxing Xiuzhou District has completed the elimination of 30,728 sets of retail water jet loom. This year, with the elimination of more than 10,000 water jet looms in Jiashan District, with the maintenance of Jiaxing Xiuzhou's 45,000 units in 2016, most of the water jet loom remediation work in Jiaxing has been basically completed. The next rectification target may be aimed at Wujiang, Keqiao and other places.


Water Jet loom equipment of key industrial clusters in 2016

Cluster Name

Water Jet Loom Made in China

Imported Water Jet Loom

2016 Year

2015 Year

2016 Year

2015 Year




































Taking the Wujiang area as an example, in 2017, the Wujiang area carried out the 263special action, and 44,408 low-end and illegal water jet loom were eliminated in the whole year, accounting for 108.7% of the annual task. Wu Jiang District Environmental Protection Bureau Director Cai Jianzhong said that Wu Jiang strives to reduce the total number of water jet looms from 340,000 units to 238,000 units through the three years from 2017 to 2019, ensuring a 30% reduction in total volume.


In the future, what should the textile enterprises in Jiangsu and Zhejiang do?


At the same time, in Wujiang, which is a land of gold, it is difficult to find land, and the rent of factory buildings is expensive. The indicators are hard to approve. It is really difficult for textile companies to expand the capacity of water jet loom.


Wujiang Huifeng Silk Co., Ltd. specializes in conventional products such as polyester taffeta and Chun Yafang. General Manager Chen Zhirong said that they have 140 water jet looms in Shengze. In March and April of this year, conventional products such as polyester taffeta and Chun Yafang were in short supply. They had the idea of expanding production, but it is basically impossible to expand the production of water jet loom locally.


Wujiang is now reducing the number of water jet loom in the process of reducing the water jet loom. With the strict environmental protection policy, the weaving enterprise mainly based on water jet loom should expand its production capacity in Wujiang. It is difficult to obtain development space in the local area, and only the target can be placed in the field.


Where is the water jet loom going? What is the number of transfers?


On the one hand, traditional textile industry clusters such as Wujiang and Xiuzhou District are vigorously renovating water jet loom, and the number of water jet loom has been drastically reduced. On the other hand, conventional products such as polyester taffeta and Chun Yafang are in short supply, and the market is facing these fabrics. The enthusiasm is not reduced, the capacity of conventional products needs to be raised, and more water jet loom needs to be added. Therefore, industrial transfer is imperative.


Since last year, a large number of water-jet looms in Jiangsu and Zhejiang have been transferred to inland areas such as Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, and Jiangxi. Thanks to the preferential policies of the local government, the number of looms transferred has multiplied.


Wujiang Yangtian Silk is an early batch of factories in the field. Chen Jiming, the general manager, said that they could not buy the land to expand the factory. They transferred the factory to Langxi, Anhui, as early as 2011, and there is no distance from Shengze. More than 200 kilometers, the freight is spread down to 4-5 cents per meter. Now their factory has 110 water jet looms. Since last year, they have started the preparation of a new factory. This year, the first phase of the plan is to increase the number of water jet looms to 200 units. The second phase is expected to be re-invested. 100 units. Mr. Chen said that in 2011, the number of local water jet loom was about 1,000, but since the second half of last year, the number of water jet loom has increased to more than 10,000.


General Manager Chen Zhirong of Wujiang City Huifeng Silk Co. said that they intend to expand the production capacity to North Jiangsu. It plans to add 300 water jet looms in Suqian, and put into operation 100 units. It is currently in preparation and is expected to be officially put into operation in July and August. .


Then, when are the opportunities in these regions produced in large quantities?


Viewpoint 1: It is expected that the second half of this year


Reason: Taking Xu, who operates 300 water jet looms in Jiashan area as an example, due to environmental factors, he chose to establish a new factory in Anhui. In June 2017, he made a decision to invest in new capacity in Anhui, and the factory was officially put into production in December! The new plant is currently in more than 700 new machines and is expected to exceed 1,000 in 2018.


Based on Xu's case, it is conservatively estimated that in the second half of 2018, the looms in these areas will be produced in large numbers, and the production capacity will be blown up again, and the market will face overcapacity.


Viewpoint 2: Expected to be postponed until April and May next year


Reasons: Recently, the newly released Ministry of Ecology and Environment held the first regular press conference. At the press conference, the spokesman of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Liu Youbin, told reporters that this year, the second round of central environmental protection inspections will be launched. At the same time, the first round of central environmental protection inspectors will be reviewed. In the second round of the Central Environmental Inspector is about to begin, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Anhui, Hebei, Shandong, Hunan, Hubei and other provinces have announced the launch of provincial environmental inspectors.


Due to the environmental protection supervision of large movements, the textile machinery market in Shandong and other places has also been affected, resulting in the looms of the weaving market in northern Jiangsu and Hubei, which cannot be timely put in place, and the output cannot be improved. Therefore, the foreign fabrics that were expected to be put into production in the second half of this year will also be postponed until April and May next year.


At that time, the production capacity will be blown again, and what kind of situation will the market face?


First, order transfer

Although the water jet loom has not yet been fully put into production, there are already many companies in Shengze that have imported fabrics from other places. The scale of weaving factories in the field is generally large, and the number of machines is basically one hundred or even thousands. They are not willing to accept small orders. Therefore, the phenomenon of large singles loss in Jiangsu and Zhejiang areas will appear.


Second, the price war

Because the foreign loom mainly produces low-end products, such as polyester taffeta and Chun Yafang, and the same quality of grey cloth, from the north of Jiangsu, Hubei, Anhui and other places, the freight per meter is 3-5 points, but the price ratio Local cheaper around 2 corners. Therefore, in the case that the cost of foreign fabrics is lower than that of the local market, the market will usher in a new round of price wars after the expansion of production capacity.


Third, the market fell back

At present, the supply of low-end fabrics is still tight, but once these capacities are put into production, the market is likely to fall back. For example, last year there was a market for Shumei silk on the market. This year, there were more manufacturers, and the supply exceeded demand. The market fell back.


Fourth, high-end sources are still in short supply

Since foreign weaving companies generally produce some medium and low-end quality grey fabrics, if they want high quality and high grades, they still need to get goods from local grey cloth factories. Therefore, even when the foreign water jet loom is put into production in large quantities, the future of Jiangsu and Zhejiang markets will be high-end. The supply of fabrics will still be in a tight state.


In the future, where are the development opportunities for water jet loom?


The use of water jet loom is always inseparable from the problem of sewage discharge. The filament weaving industry clusters such as Wujiang, Jiaxing and Changxing responded to the strict requirements of the state for environmental protection, and the practice of eliminating backward jet looms is understandable. However, the transformation of domestic and foreign textile raw materials from natural fibers such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk to chemical fiber is the general trend.


The long-term, growing demand for fiber and the huge market for chemical fiber fabrics have determined that there is a market for water jet looms that are most suitable for weaving chemical fiber filament fabrics. With the market and demand, the industry can develop. The East is not bright and the West is bright. Renovation of environmental protection in the eastern developed areas, upgrading the added value of products, restricting the development of water jet loom, the filament weaving industry can be transferred to the water resources rich areas in the central and western central and western regions, and do sewage treatment to achieve zero discharge, water jet loom It is the development direction of the future filament weaving industry.


Because the water looms consume the characteristics of water resources, the reuse of sewage treatment can alleviate the pressure of water to some extent, but it cannot solve the problem of using limited water resources. Therefore, we should increase research and development efforts, and work hard on the water jet loom. The water-saving and sewage disposal problems of the water jet loom have been solved, and the prospect of the water jet loom is still very broad.


In the future, the demand for high-yield, high-efficiency, automated water jet loom will increase. It is understood that this year, the sales of high-end looms for the main domestic water jet loom manufacturers are above 60%. New projects and elimination of updates are two-pronged.


To sum up

Some domestic filament weaving industry clusters have proposed a large number of water jet looms, which are actually eliminating backward looms and changing cages for birds. A large part of the number of domestically produced water jet looms from January to September comes from the equipment renewal of filament weaving companies. From the aspects of reducing labor, improving production and efficiency, improving quality, improving variety adaptability, increasing efficiency, saving water and energy saving, the development of high-end water jet loom is an inevitable trend.


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